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/*
* vim:ts=4:sw=4:expandtab
*
* © 2010 Michael Stapelberg
*
* xcb.c: contains all functions which use XCB to talk to X11. Mostly wrappers
* around the rather complicated/ugly parts of the XCB API.
*
*/
#include <xcb/xcb.h>
#include <xcb/xcb_image.h>
#include <xcb/xcb_atom.h>
#include <xcb/xcb_aux.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include "cursors.h"
#include "unlock_indicator.h"
extern auth_state_t auth_state;
xcb_connection_t *conn;
xcb_screen_t *screen;
static xcb_atom_t _NET_WM_BYPASS_COMPOSITOR = XCB_NONE;
void _init_net_wm_bypass_compositor(xcb_connection_t *conn) {
if (_NET_WM_BYPASS_COMPOSITOR != XCB_NONE) {
/* already initialized */
return;
}
xcb_generic_error_t *err;
xcb_intern_atom_reply_t *atom_reply = xcb_intern_atom_reply(
conn,
xcb_intern_atom(conn, 0, strlen("_NET_WM_BYPASS_COMPOSITOR"), "_NET_WM_BYPASS_COMPOSITOR"),
&err);
if (atom_reply == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "X11 Error %d\n", err->error_code);
free(err);
return;
}
_NET_WM_BYPASS_COMPOSITOR = atom_reply->atom;
free(atom_reply);
}
#define curs_invisible_width 8
#define curs_invisible_height 8
static unsigned char curs_invisible_bits[] = {
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
#define curs_windows_width 11
#define curs_windows_height 19
static unsigned char curs_windows_bits[] = {
0xfe, 0x07, 0xfc, 0x07, 0xfa, 0x07, 0xf6, 0x07, 0xee, 0x07, 0xde, 0x07,
0xbe, 0x07, 0x7e, 0x07, 0xfe, 0x06, 0xfe, 0x05, 0x3e, 0x00, 0xb6, 0x07,
0x6a, 0x07, 0x6c, 0x07, 0xde, 0x06, 0xdf, 0x06, 0xbf, 0x05, 0xbf, 0x05,
0x7f, 0x06};
#define mask_windows_width 11
#define mask_windows_height 19
static unsigned char mask_windows_bits[] = {
0x01, 0x00, 0x03, 0x00, 0x07, 0x00, 0x0f, 0x00, 0x1f, 0x00, 0x3f, 0x00,
0x7f, 0x00, 0xff, 0x00, 0xff, 0x01, 0xff, 0x03, 0xff, 0x07, 0x7f, 0x00,
0xf7, 0x00, 0xf3, 0x00, 0xe1, 0x01, 0xe0, 0x01, 0xc0, 0x03, 0xc0, 0x03,
0x80, 0x01};
static uint32_t get_colorpixel(char *hex) {
char strgroups[3][3] = {{hex[0], hex[1], '\0'},
{hex[2], hex[3], '\0'},
{hex[4], hex[5], '\0'}};
uint32_t rgb16[3] = {(strtol(strgroups[0], NULL, 16)),
(strtol(strgroups[1], NULL, 16)),
(strtol(strgroups[2], NULL, 16))};
return (rgb16[0] << 16) + (rgb16[1] << 8) + rgb16[2];
}
xcb_visualtype_t *get_root_visual_type(xcb_screen_t *screen) {
xcb_visualtype_t *visual_type = NULL;
xcb_depth_iterator_t depth_iter;
xcb_visualtype_iterator_t visual_iter;
for (depth_iter = xcb_screen_allowed_depths_iterator(screen);
depth_iter.rem;
xcb_depth_next(&depth_iter)) {
for (visual_iter = xcb_depth_visuals_iterator(depth_iter.data);
visual_iter.rem;
xcb_visualtype_next(&visual_iter)) {
if (screen->root_visual != visual_iter.data->visual_id)
continue;
visual_type = visual_iter.data;
return visual_type;
}
}
return NULL;
}
xcb_pixmap_t create_bg_pixmap(xcb_connection_t *conn, xcb_screen_t *scr, u_int32_t *resolution, char *color) {
xcb_pixmap_t bg_pixmap = xcb_generate_id(conn);
xcb_create_pixmap(conn, scr->root_depth, bg_pixmap, scr->root,
resolution[0], resolution[1]);
/* Generate a Graphics Context and fill the pixmap with background color
* (for images that are smaller than your screen) */
xcb_gcontext_t gc = xcb_generate_id(conn);
uint32_t values[] = {get_colorpixel(color)};
xcb_create_gc(conn, gc, bg_pixmap, XCB_GC_FOREGROUND, values);
xcb_rectangle_t rect = {0, 0, resolution[0], resolution[1]};
xcb_poly_fill_rectangle(conn, bg_pixmap, gc, 1, &rect);
xcb_free_gc(conn, gc);
return bg_pixmap;
}
xcb_window_t open_fullscreen_window(xcb_connection_t *conn, xcb_screen_t *scr, char *color, xcb_pixmap_t pixmap) {
uint32_t mask = 0;
uint32_t values[3];
xcb_window_t win = xcb_generate_id(conn);
if (pixmap == XCB_NONE) {
mask |= XCB_CW_BACK_PIXEL;
values[0] = get_colorpixel(color);
} else {
mask |= XCB_CW_BACK_PIXMAP;
values[0] = pixmap;
}
mask |= XCB_CW_OVERRIDE_REDIRECT;
values[1] = 1;
mask |= XCB_CW_EVENT_MASK;
values[2] = XCB_EVENT_MASK_EXPOSURE |
XCB_EVENT_MASK_KEY_PRESS |
XCB_EVENT_MASK_KEY_RELEASE |
XCB_EVENT_MASK_VISIBILITY_CHANGE |
XCB_EVENT_MASK_STRUCTURE_NOTIFY;
xcb_create_window(conn,
XCB_COPY_FROM_PARENT,
win, /* the window id */
scr->root, /* parent == root */
0, 0,
scr->width_in_pixels,
scr->height_in_pixels, /* dimensions */
0, /* border = 0, we draw our own */
XCB_WINDOW_CLASS_INPUT_OUTPUT,
XCB_WINDOW_CLASS_COPY_FROM_PARENT, /* copy visual from parent */
mask,
values);
char *name = "i3lock";
xcb_change_property(conn,
XCB_PROP_MODE_REPLACE,
win,
XCB_ATOM_WM_NAME,
XCB_ATOM_STRING,
8,
strlen(name),
name);
xcb_change_property(conn,
XCB_PROP_MODE_REPLACE,
win,
XCB_ATOM_WM_CLASS,
XCB_ATOM_STRING,
8,
2 * (strlen("i3lock") + 1),
"i3lock\0i3lock\0");
const uint32_t bypass_compositor = 1; /* disable compositing */
_init_net_wm_bypass_compositor(conn);
xcb_change_property(conn,
XCB_PROP_MODE_REPLACE,
win,
_NET_WM_BYPASS_COMPOSITOR,
XCB_ATOM_CARDINAL,
32,
1,
&bypass_compositor);
/* Map the window (= make it visible) */
xcb_map_window(conn, win);
/* Raise window (put it on top) */
values[0] = XCB_STACK_MODE_ABOVE;
xcb_configure_window(conn, win, XCB_CONFIG_WINDOW_STACK_MODE, values);
/* Ensure that the window is created and set up before returning */
xcb_aux_sync(conn);
return win;
}
/*
* Repeatedly tries to grab pointer and keyboard (up to the specified number of
* tries).
*
* Returns true if the grab succeeded, false if not.
*
*/
bool grab_pointer_and_keyboard(xcb_connection_t *conn, xcb_screen_t *screen, xcb_cursor_t cursor, int tries) {
xcb_grab_pointer_cookie_t pcookie;
xcb_grab_pointer_reply_t *preply;
xcb_grab_keyboard_cookie_t kcookie;
xcb_grab_keyboard_reply_t *kreply;
const suseconds_t screen_redraw_timeout = 100000; /* 100ms */
/* Using few variables to trigger a redraw_screen() if too many tries */
bool redrawn = false;
struct timeval start;
if (gettimeofday(&start, NULL) == -1) {
err(EXIT_FAILURE, "gettimeofday");
}
while (tries-- > 0) {
pcookie = xcb_grab_pointer(
conn,
false, /* get all pointer events specified by the following mask */
screen->root, /* grab the root window */
XCB_NONE, /* which events to let through */
XCB_GRAB_MODE_ASYNC, /* pointer events should continue as normal */
XCB_GRAB_MODE_ASYNC, /* keyboard mode */
XCB_NONE, /* confine_to = in which window should the cursor stay */
cursor, /* we change the cursor to whatever the user wanted */
XCB_CURRENT_TIME);
if ((preply = xcb_grab_pointer_reply(conn, pcookie, NULL)) &&
preply->status == XCB_GRAB_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
free(preply);
break;
}
/* In case the grab failed, we still need to free the reply */
free(preply);
/* Make this quite a bit slower */
usleep(50);
struct timeval now;
if (gettimeofday(&now, NULL) == -1) {
err(EXIT_FAILURE, "gettimeofday");
}
struct timeval elapsed;
timersub(&now, &start, &elapsed);
if (!redrawn &&
(tries % 100) == 0 &&
elapsed.tv_usec >= screen_redraw_timeout) {
redraw_screen();
redrawn = true;
}
}
while (tries-- > 0) {
kcookie = xcb_grab_keyboard(
conn,
true, /* report events */
screen->root, /* grab the root window */
XCB_CURRENT_TIME,
XCB_GRAB_MODE_ASYNC, /* process events as normal, do not require sync */
XCB_GRAB_MODE_ASYNC);
if ((kreply = xcb_grab_keyboard_reply(conn, kcookie, NULL)) &&
kreply->status == XCB_GRAB_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
free(kreply);
break;
}
/* In case the grab failed, we still need to free the reply */
free(kreply);
/* Make this quite a bit slower */
usleep(50);
struct timeval now;
if (gettimeofday(&now, NULL) == -1) {
err(EXIT_FAILURE, "gettimeofday");
}
struct timeval elapsed;
timersub(&now, &start, &elapsed);
/* Trigger a screen redraw if 100ms elapsed */
if (!redrawn &&
(tries % 100) == 0 &&
elapsed.tv_usec >= screen_redraw_timeout) {
redraw_screen();
redrawn = true;
}
}
return (tries > 0);
}
xcb_cursor_t create_cursor(xcb_connection_t *conn, xcb_screen_t *screen, xcb_window_t win, int choice) {
xcb_pixmap_t bitmap;
xcb_pixmap_t mask;
xcb_cursor_t cursor;
unsigned char *curs_bits;
unsigned char *mask_bits;
int curs_w, curs_h;
switch (choice) {
case CURS_NONE:
curs_bits = curs_invisible_bits;
mask_bits = curs_invisible_bits;
curs_w = curs_invisible_width;
curs_h = curs_invisible_height;
break;
case CURS_WIN:
curs_bits = curs_windows_bits;
mask_bits = mask_windows_bits;
curs_w = curs_windows_width;
curs_h = curs_windows_height;
break;
case CURS_DEFAULT:
default:
return XCB_NONE; /* XCB_NONE is xcb's way of saying "don't change the cursor" */
}
bitmap = xcb_create_pixmap_from_bitmap_data(conn,
win,
curs_bits,
curs_w,
curs_h,
1,
screen->white_pixel,
screen->black_pixel,
NULL);
mask = xcb_create_pixmap_from_bitmap_data(conn,
win,
mask_bits,
curs_w,
curs_h,
1,
screen->white_pixel,
screen->black_pixel,
NULL);
cursor = xcb_generate_id(conn);
xcb_create_cursor(conn,
cursor,
bitmap,
mask,
65535, 65535, 65535,
0, 0, 0,
0, 0);
xcb_free_pixmap(conn, bitmap);
xcb_free_pixmap(conn, mask);
return cursor;
}
static xcb_atom_t _NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW = XCB_NONE;
void _init_net_active_window(xcb_connection_t *conn) {
if (_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW != XCB_NONE) {
/* already initialized */
return;
}
xcb_generic_error_t *err;
xcb_intern_atom_reply_t *atom_reply = xcb_intern_atom_reply(
conn,
xcb_intern_atom(conn, 0, strlen("_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW"), "_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW"),
&err);
if (atom_reply == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "X11 Error %d\n", err->error_code);
free(err);
return;
}
_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW = atom_reply->atom;
free(atom_reply);
}
xcb_window_t find_focused_window(xcb_connection_t *conn, const xcb_window_t root) {
xcb_window_t result = XCB_NONE;
_init_net_active_window(conn);
xcb_get_property_reply_t *prop_reply = xcb_get_property_reply(
conn,
xcb_get_property_unchecked(
conn, false, root, _NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW, XCB_GET_PROPERTY_TYPE_ANY, 0, 1 /* word */),
NULL);
if (prop_reply == NULL) {
goto out;
}
if (xcb_get_property_value_length(prop_reply) == 0) {
goto out_prop;
}
if (prop_reply->type != XCB_ATOM_WINDOW) {
goto out_prop;
}
result = *((xcb_window_t *)xcb_get_property_value(prop_reply));
out_prop:
free(prop_reply);
out:
return result;
}
void set_focused_window(xcb_connection_t *conn, const xcb_window_t root, const xcb_window_t window) {
xcb_client_message_event_t ev;
memset(&ev, '\0', sizeof(xcb_client_message_event_t));
_init_net_active_window(conn);
ev.response_type = XCB_CLIENT_MESSAGE;
ev.window = window;
ev.type = _NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW;
ev.format = 32;
ev.data.data32[0] = 2; /* 2 = pager */
xcb_send_event(conn, false, root, XCB_EVENT_MASK_SUBSTRUCTURE_REDIRECT, (char *)&ev);
xcb_flush(conn);
}